How to protect against fire hazard?19. May 2021
Fire is one of the most imminent and common threats in the built environment. The engineers must address the threat of Fire from the initial stage of the building project. In modern buildings, the fire life safety strategy contains two main principles, namely, 1. Active Fire Protection and 2. Passive Fire Protection.
Active fire protection consists of detection and suppression systems that activate in the event of a fire. The active systems include equipment like Smoke/Fire Detectors, Alarms, Sprinklers, etc. The Active systems need external input to perform tasks, e.g., the alarm needs power or the sprinklers need water.
On the other hand, passive fire protection (PFP) refers to systems designed as part of the building fabric. These don’t need external inputs, apart from the exposure to fire itself, to prevent the spread of fire throughout the building and essentially contain the fire within the “Fire Compartments.” Passive Fire Protection is implemented by dividing the built area using fire separating elements to create well-defined compartments.
The codes and standards require both Active Fire Protection and Passive Fire Protection to manage fire accidents effectively. The correct use of AFP and PFP saves valuable lives, provides a safe exit for building occupants, gives rescuers time to arrive, reduces infrastructure loss, and helps resume back to normal with minimum downtime!
However, PFP is not fully appreciated due to the lack of information clubbed with an absence of fancy-looking equipment. PFP is a requirement in the building standards like IBC, UAE Fire Life safety code, NFPA 101, etc.
Firestopping is an integral part of the PFP strategy. Firestopping is the system installed within a “fire separating element” to reinstate the “fire rating” required after the rating has been compromised due to the installation of services or inclusion of joints. There are several test standards like ASTM E84, ASTM E1966, EN 1366, EN 1364, etc., for system testing of Firestop products and applications. Further to testing, the building codes require the firestop systems to be “Certified” by approved third-party certification bodies like Underwriters Laboratory, Warrington, Intertek, etc.
How to plan passive firestop systems?
1. Plan your firestopping strategy in design stage
2. Implement your firestopping objective in the design
3. Identify the services or joints
4. Call our firestop engineer experts
5. Get expert advice & service
6. Employ Passive firestop systems & solutions
7. Get installation training/certifications from fischer
What role does fischer play in passive fire protection?
fischer is a pioneer in providing economical, effective, and efficient passive fire-stopping solutions for several years. The systems are designed to address the practical construction requirements of various applications and ensure compliance with the building standards and codes in line with the changing modern construction industry.
fischer offers several systems tested to different standards and certified by several third-party certification bodies. Your peace of mind in meeting the standards is at the core of our offering, including high-quality products, engineering judgments, BOQ Quantification, Advanced Firestop Application Training, Applicator Qualification Training, Qualification Refresher Training, and Renewal, Firestop Applicator On-site Training & Certification and, timely onsite support services.